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FOLLOW THESE STEPS TO GROW BRINJAL SUCCESSFULLY
- Climate and soil requirements: Brinjal, also known as eggplant, prefers warm and humid climates. It grows best in well-drained, fertile soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0.
- Seed sowing: Sow brinjal seeds in a seed tray or directly in the soil. The seeds should be sown 1 cm deep and spaced 2-3 cm apart. Once the seedlings have grown to a height of 4-5 cm, thin them to one plant per pot or hole.
- Sunlight and watering: Brinjal requires full sunlight for at least 6-8 hours a day. Water the plants regularly, especially during the fruiting stage.
- Fertilization: Brinjal plants require regular fertilization to produce healthy fruit. Apply organic manure or compost at the time of planting and every month thereafter.
- Pest and disease control: Brinjal is susceptible to pests like fruit borers and diseases like fungal infections. Use organic pesticides to control these pests and diseases.
- Support and pruning: Brinjal plants can grow up to 2-3 feet tall and require support to prevent the stems from breaking. Use stakes or trellises to support the plants as they grow. Prune the plants regularly to promote branching and better fruit production.
- Harvesting: Brinjal takes about 100-120 days to mature. The fruit is ready for harvesting when it reaches full size, has a shiny skin, and is firm to the touch. Cut the fruit from the plant using a sharp knife or shears.